Andrew W. Preston
(CPA, CFE)

Director

Phone: +1 202 349 1980

Mobile: +1 202 379 8129

Email: apreston@credibilityinternational.com

Address: 1701 Pennsylvania Ave NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20006

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Curriculum Vitae

Andrew Preston is a director at Credibility International.  Andrew has successfully led engagement teams in preparing valuation reports and expert testimony on both contentious and non-contentious matters.  Andrew has assisted clients in Europe, the Americas, the Caribbean, the Middle East, and Asia with matters involving business and investment valuation, damages, finance, accounting, and economics.  Andrew has consulted on matters before ICSID, ICC, UNCITRAL, SCC, and Energy Charter Treaty international arbitration tribunals as well as matters before U.S. Federal and state courts.   Andrew has also assisted in a variety of forensic accounting/fraud investigations matters involving improper revenue recognition, audit failures, asset misappropriation, insider trading, and commercial disputes.

Andrew is a certified public accountant and a certified fraud examiner.  Andrew holds a master of science in accountancy and a bachelor of science in analytical finance from the Calloway School of Business at Wake Forest University.

Professional Experience

Prior to joining Credibility International Andrew was an associate director in Navigant Consulting’s Disputes & Investigations practice, with a focus on international arbitration and forensic accounting matters.  Andrew has 10+ years’ experience advising business, investors, and governments on business valuation and damages in international arbitrations and court proceedings, and has also been a key team member on a variety of forensic accounting/fraud investigation matters.

International Arbitration

  • Preliminary Assessments on Matters Seeking Third-Party Litigation Funding: Engaged by a leading third-party litigation fund on an ongoing basis to assess the quality and value of potential investments in international arbitration claims.
  • Eurasian Construction Dispute (Breach of Contract Dispute, ICC): Managed the project team in the preparation of two expert reports (November 2016, July 2017) and two joint expert statements (August, September 2017) assessing damages and analyzing excess costs arising from the termination of a contract to upgrade and expand an existing commuter railway. (Engaged by Claimant / Counter-Respondent, consultant)
  • North American Petroleum Product Industry Dispute (Breach of Contract Dispute, ICC): Managed the project team in the preparation of two expert reports (May 2016, July 2016) and a joint expert statement (August 2016) in a post-acquisition dispute in the petroleum products industry surrounding the calculation of the target company’s working capital balance on the date of acquisition.  (Engagement by Respondent, consultant)
  • Southeast Asian Manufacturing Dispute (Breach of Contract Dispute, ICC): Managed the project team in the preparation of two expert reports (September 2015, April 2016) and a joint expert statement (March 2017) quantifying Claimant’s losses for an alleged improper termination of a contract to supply air products to a customer. (Engaged by Claimant, consultant)
  • Southeast Asian Manufacturing Dispute (Breach of Contract Dispute, ICC): Engaged as a consultant in a dispute between joint venture partners seeking to dissolve an agreement to operate a high-tech manufacturing facility in Southeast Asia. (Engaged by Respondent, consultant)
  • Eastern European Airport Investors v. Eastern European State (Bilateral Investment Treaty Dispute, PCA): Managed the project team in the preparation of two expert reports (June 2015, January 2018) and hearing (November 2017) addressing the alleged damages and fair market value of an airport in Crimea. (Engaged by Claimant, consultant)
  • North American Oilfield Services Dispute (Breach of Contract Dispute, ICDR): Managed the project team in the preparation an expert report (July 2015) calculating lost profits and damages related to alleged breaches of an exclusive rights agreement to provide pipeline rehabilitation services and operate related equipment. (Engaged by Respondent/Counter-Claimant, consultant)
  • European Newspaper Investors v. South American State (Bilateral Investment Treaty Dispute, ICSID): Managed project team in the preparation of three expert reports (October 2014, March 2015, May 2018) and hearing (May 2015) in the damages resubmission proceedings related to the expropriation of a newspaper in 1973. (Engaged by Respondent, consultant)
  • Spence International Investments, et al. v. Republic of Costa Rica (DR-CAFTA Dispute, ICSID): Managed project team in the preparation of two expert reports (July 2014, December 2014) and hearing (April 2015) in a dispute regarding the fair market value of real property in the Guanacaste region of Costa Rica. Prepared an assessment of the real estate market along the Gold Coast of Costa Rica and calculated Claimants’ losses. Claim was partially dismissed on jurisdictional grounds. (Engaged by Respondent, consultant)
  • South American Seaport Dispute (Breach of Contract Dispute, Quito Chamber of Commerce): Managed project team with a dispute regarding the alleged damages suffered by Claimant due to the termination of a concession contract to operate and improve a seaport. Prepared an expert report (June 2014) rebutting Claimant’s damages claim.  (Engaged by Respondent, consultant)
  • Mercer International Inc. v. Government of Canada (NAFTA Dispute, ICSID AF): Managed project team in a dispute surrounding the unfair treatment of the energy generation assets of a NBSK pulp mill. Prepared two expert reports (March 2014, December 2014) and consulted at the hearing (July 2015) to present a valuation of the energy generation assets and lost profits. (Engaged by Claimant, consultant)
  • Potential African Mineral Auditing Dispute: Managed project team to prepare an independent preliminary assessment of potential damages arising from alleged breaches of exclusive agreements to provide the host state with mineral quality auditing services.  (Engaged by potential Claimant, consultant)
  • Adel A. Hamadi Al Tamimi v. Sultanate of Oman (Bilateral Investment Treaty Dispute, ICSID): Managed project team in a dispute arising from an alleged expropriation of a limestone quarry in Oman. Prepared a market analysis and alternative valuation analysis of claimant’s limestone assets.  Assisted in the preparation of two expert reports (June 2013, March 2014) and consulted at the hearing (May 2014).  (Engaged by Respondent, consultant)
  • D.F. International, S.A. v. Hungary (Energy Charter Treaty Dispute, ICSID): Managed a project team in a dispute arising from the termination of long-term power purchase agreements on the value of a gas-fired power generator following a European Commission investigation. Performed a review of the damages claimed and claimant’s stranded costs as well as prepared an alternative damages analysis.  Assisted in the preparation of two expert reports (October 2012, October 2013) and consulted in preparing for the hearing (December 2014). (Engaged by Respondent, consultant)
  • Flughafen Zürich A.G. and Gestión e Ingeniería IDC S.A. v. Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Bilateral Investment Treaty Dispute, ICSID): Consulted in a dispute surrounding the expropriation of a concession to operate an airport on Isla Margarita. Prepared a valuation analysis quantifying the value of the concession and analyzed the performance of the airport after its takeover by the state.  Assisted in the preparation of three expert reports (October 2011, February 2013, August 2013) and consulted at the hearing (July 2013). Claimants were awarded US$ 36 million.  (Engaged by Claimants, consultant)
  • Luigiterzo Bosca v. Republic of Lithuania (Bilateral Investment Treaty Dispute, UNCITRAL): Managed the project team with a dispute surrounding claimant’s losses associated with an opportunity to acquire a shareholding in an alcohol production facility. Prepared a valuation analysis quantifying the value of the lost opportunity as well as the value of the alcohol production facility.  Assisted in the preparation of two expert reports (March 2012, June 2012) and consulted at the hearing (August 2012). Respondent was found liable for a breach of the treaty, but no damages were awarded by the Tribunal.  (Engaged by Respondent, consultant)
  • Convial Callao S.A & CCI‐Compania de Concessiones de Infraestructura S.A. v Republic of Peru (Bilateral Investment Treaty Dispute, ICSID): Consulted in a dispute arising from the alleged breaches of a concession contract to construct and operate a toll road in Callao. Assisted in the preparation of two expert reports (July 2011, February 2012) and consulted at the hearing (March 2012) to rebut Claimants’ damages claim for the fair market value of the concession contract and lost profits resulting from the breach.  The Tribunal determined that Respondent did not breach the treaty.  (Engaged by Respondent, consultant)
  • European Gas Dispute (Breach of Contract Dispute, Stockholm Chamber of Commerce): Managed the project team in a contractual dispute surrounding the alleged breach of a natural gas supply contract. Analyzed the natural gas market in Europe to determine the appropriate price for natural gas exports from Ukraine at its western border with Slovakia.  Assisted in the preparation of two expert reports (June 2011, August 2012) and consulted at the hearing (September 2012) to rebut Claimant’s damages claim.  The tribunal awarded Claimant US$ 12 million of the US$ 180 million claimed.  (Engaged by Respondent, consultant)
  • Prosecution of Fraud and Bribery Charges Related to a Real Estate Development (Supreme Court of the Turks & Caicos Islands): Consulted regarding the value of an early stage hotel and resort development project in the Turks & Caicos and the losses claimed by both parties related to fraud and bribery charges against the developer. Performed an independent review defendants’ investment in the project and their fair market value.  Assisted in the preparation of three expert reports (December 2011, March 2012, May 2012) submitted to the Supreme Court of the Turks & Caicos. Case was settled prior to trial.  (Engaged by defendants, consultant)
  • South American Oilfield Services Dispute (Breach of Contract Dispute, ICC): Managed project team and consulted in a dispute arising from an alleged breach of contract to provide for water injection and treatment services in Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela. Performed an independent review of claimant’s quantum claims and assisted in the preparation of two expert reports (March 2011, September 2011).  (Engaged by Claimant, consultant)
  • Latin American / Asian Oil Rig Dispute (Breach of Contract Dispute, ICC): Consulted in a dispute arising from an alleged breach of a contract to deliver an offshore oil drilling rig. Prepared a liquidated damages analysis and an analysis of cover costs incurred by the claimant.  Assisted in the preparation of three expert reports (December 2010, March 2011, July 2011) and consulted in connection with the hearing (August 2011). (Engaged by Claimant, consultant)
  • Middle Eastern Mobile Telephone Industry Dispute (Investment Law Dispute, UNCITRAL): Managed project team in a dispute from an alleged breach of domestic Investment Law related to a government-owned CDMA mobile phone operator’s entrance into the local market.  Prepared a benchmarking analysis to determine whether alleged improper state subsidies resulted in the government-owned operator achieving unreasonable market share and to determine whether the fair market value of the Claimant’s investment had been impaired.  Assisted in the preparation of three expert report (October 2010, December 2017, January 2018).  (Engaged by Respondent, consultant)
  • Eastern European Gas Dispute (Breach of Contract, Stockholm Chamber of Commerce): Consulted in a dispute arising from Claimants alleged breach of a natural gas supply contract. Assessed the position Respondent would have occupied in the Hungarian gas trade, but-for claimant’s alleged failure to fulfill its long‐term supply agreement with respondent.  Prepared an estimate of the discount rate of Respondent and assisted in the preparation of an expert report (September 2010).  (Engaged by Respondent, consultant)
  • Southeast Asian Telecommunications Dispute (Breach of Contract, LCIA): Consulted in a dispute arising from several alleged breaches of a contract to provide telecommunications equipment. Assisted in the preparation of an expert report (June 2010) to quantify Respondent/Counterclaimant’s damages stemming from Claimant’s failure to perform under the procurement contract and to rebut Claimant’s damages claim.  Consulted in connection with the hearing (September 2010).  (Engaged by Respondent/Counterclaimant, consultant)
  • Eastern European Gas Dispute (Breach of Contract, Stockholm Chamber of Commerce): Consulted in a dispute related to the value of 11 billion cubic meters of natural gas in underground storage facilities in Ukraine. Assisted in the preparation of a financial model to measure claimant’s lost profits, and assisted in the preparation of the expert report and supporting appendices (April 2010).  (Engaged by Respondent, consultant)
  • Concesionaria Dominicana de Autopistas y Carreteras v. Dominican Republic (Breach of Contract, ICC): Consulted in a dispute arising from an alleged breaches of concession contract to construct and operate a toll road in the Dominican Republic. Prepared a financial model to measure the losses suffered by the respondent due to delays in completing the construction of a toll road and to critique claimant’s damages analysis.  Assisted in the preparation of three expert reports (June 2009, December 2009, July 2010) and consulted at the hearing (September 2010). (Engaged by Respondent, consultant)
  • Mercuria Energy Group Ltd. v. Republic of Poland (Energy Charter Treaty Dispute, Stockholm Chamber of Commerce): Consulted in the quantification of damages suffered by one of the world’s largest independent energy traders due to the imposition of a fine on the Claimant’s wholesale fuel business in Poland. Performed a comparable company valuation, market analysis, and assisted in the preparation of a DCF analysis to determine the fair market value of Claimant’s investment.  Assisted in the preparation of two expert reports (April 2009, October 2010).  (Engaged by Claimant, consultant)
  • Electrabel S.A v. Republic of Hungary (Energy Charter Treaty Dispute, ICSID): Consulted in a dispute arising from alleged breaches of the Energy Charter Treaty, claiming Respondent impaired the financial performance of investments in an electric generator due to the imposition of rate cuts. Work on this matter included an economic assessment of the rate cuts, an analysis of the generator’s financial results for several years, and the calculation of the investor’s returns using a number of methods.  Assisted in the preparation of two expert reports (May 2009, December 2009).   The Tribunal accepted Claimant was generating excessive profits, justifying Respondent’s reduction of its fees.  (Engaged by Respondent, consultant)
  • AES Summit Generation & AES Tisza Erömü Kft. v. Republic of Hungary (Energy Charter Treaty Dispute, ICSID): Consulted in a dispute arising from alleged breaches of the Energy Charter Treaty, claiming Respondent impaired the financial performance of investments in an electric generator due to the imposition of rate cuts. Work on this matter included an economic assessment of the rate cuts, an analysis of the generator’s financial results for several years, and the calculation of the investor’s returns using a number of methods.  Assisted in the preparation of an expert report (February 2009).   The Tribunal accepted Claimant was generating excessive profits, justifying Respondent’s reduction of its fees.  (Engaged by Respondent, consultant)

Forensic Accounting and Investigation Experience

  • Software Industry White Collar Criminal Defense: Assisted counsel with the white-collar defense of software company executives charged with fraudulent financial reporting. Work on this matter included the analysis of several software sales transactions and an assessment of the transactions’ compliance with revenue recognition guidelines under GAAP.  Reviewed and analyzed company general ledgers, internal accounting records and documentation, and internal corporate communications to determine whether revenue was recognized prematurely or in accordance with GAAP.
  • Federal Insider Trading Prosecution of Telecommunications Industry Executive: Assisted the U.S. Department of Justice with the Federal prosecution of former CEO on numerous counts of insider trading. Work included the extensive review and analysis of internal communication, internal financial reports, public filings and analyst coverage.  Also assisted in the preparation of trial exhibits and witness preparation materials.
  • Energy Company Spin-Off Litigation and Bankruptcy: Assisted counsel and testifying expert for a domestic energy company related to the spin-off of its non-regulated operations. Former subsidiary alleged former parent inappropriately transferred assets and fraudulently reported earnings, causing the subsidiary’s bankruptcy.  Work on this matter included the review of internal and external accounting workpapers and public filings to determine the appropriateness of accounting restatements and the effectiveness of internal controls.  Performed accounting research to determine the appropriate accounting for complex energy derivatives.  Also assisted in the retrieval and maintenance of relevant documents and materials.
  • Mortgage Servicer Asset Misappropriation: Assisted with a forensic accounting investigation related to an alleged asset misappropriation between a mortgage servicer/lender and our client. Work on this matter included performing journal entry analyses to identify suspicious transactions to determine how the alleged fraud was recorded in the mortgage lenders’ accounting records.  Completed various analyses to trace the misappropriated assets, assisted in the preparation of deposition materials, and assisted in the retrieval and maintenance of relevant documents and records.
  • Domestic Airline Investigations: Assisted the U.S. Department of Justice and other Federal agencies with two disputes between the Federal government and two major domestic airlines over whether passenger taxes and fees were properly remitted. Reviewed government audit reports and workpapers to determine whether audits were correctly performed and if fees were correctly remitted.  Also assisted in the preparation of an expert affidavit.
  • Winstar Litigation: Assisted the U.S. Department of Justice with a Winstar case involving the sale of a savings and loan association. Reviewed the opposition’s expert reports and completed numerous analyses to determine whether the report’s assumptions were valid.  Assisted in the maintenance and review of relevant documents and records.

Education, Professional Certifications, and Awards

  • Master of Science in Accountancy, Wake Forest University, 2006
  • Bachelor of Science in Analytical Finance, Wake Forest University, 2006
  • Certified Public Accountant, District of Columbia (USA), 2007
  • Certified Fraud Examiner, Association of Certified Fraud Examiners, 2008
  • Certificate in International Financial Reporting Standards, American Institute of CPAs, 2016
  • Certificate in International Financial Reporting, Association of Certified Chartered Accountants, 2012
  • Future Leader in Quantum of Damages, Who’s Who Legal, 2018